Forces Analysis

Forces Analysis

To understand why outcomes are what they are, it can be helpful to understand that major forces that influence the system that produces the outcomes.

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Forces Analysis provides a contextual understanding of the major forces that are influencing growth management in general

Of particular note is the growth management policies and regulations that exist in Washington State and the principles and theories that underlie those laws.

An overview of Washington State's Growth Management Act can be viewed here (PowerPoint)

Major political forces behind growth management include environmental issues and urbanization

One of the fundamental questions being asked on this site is whether the theories that underlie growth management stand up in the light of actual outcome data.  In other words, the assumed intent of growth management includes no negative impacts on quality of life.  Given that Washington State's Growth Management Act has been in place for over a decade and that it is planned on a 20-year horizon, the time seems to be right to ask how well it has adhered to its intended outcomes (accountability).

It's possible that the underlying theories being used for growth management need to be shifted particularly if the outcome data indicates that the intended results are not being produced.

Washington State's Growth Management Act (GMA)

Produced in 1990 with an update in 1991 that put some "teeth" into the act

Has 14 goals: Urban growth, reduce sprawl, transportation, housing, economic development, property rights, permits, natural resource industries, open space and recreation, environment, citizen participation, public facilities and services, historic preservation, and shoreline management

Required certain local governments, including King County, to perform a review of their comprehensive plans in the context of the GMA

Contains designations of intended land use, including Urban Growth Areas, along with the policies, regulations and incentives intended to produce the desire outcomes of growth management

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